Filing bankruptcy can release a debtor from an expensive cell phone contract and let the debtor discharge the early termination penalty. While now almost everyone has a cell phone, the contracts are typically long term and it is easy for a debtor to run up a substantial bill. Should a typical consumer debtor filing Chapter 7 Bankruptcy or Chapter 13 Bankruptcy list their cell phone provider as a creditor for bankruptcy purposes?
If the debtor has an outstanding bill on a closed account, then such bill must be included with the rest of the outstanding debts. Any such bill will be eliminated by the Chapter 7 Bankruptcy filing, or paid in Chapter 13 Bankruptcy.
In addition, the bankruptcy filing would enable the debtor to not only eliminate their balance but remove their obligation to pay any early cancellation penalty. Filing a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy has the effect of terminating an “executory contract” which is one in which the parties are still performing it. Cell phone contracts are executory contracts during the contract period. By including the cell phone provider as a creditor in the bankruptcy petition, the contract is automatically terminated, and any early cancellation penalty becomes a dischargeable debt just like credit card debts. Some cell phone companies may request a security deposit after the bankruptcy filing, but, in my experience, most providers will not ask for a security deposit.
If the debtor plans to keep the account, the account must be listed in the bankruptcy petition. Debtors should list the cell phone provider as a potential creditor in the bankruptcy petition, even if no balance is owed. Although the bankruptcy law has the effect of automatically terminating the cell phone contract, virtually all cell phone companies will continue service if the account is current, and will not pay any attention to the bankruptcy filing. The advantage to the debtor is that by including the cell phone company in the petition, even if it is current, is that the contract can later be terminated before the end of the typical two-year period, and the debtor will not be responsible for the early termination penalty.
In addition to the above, debtors should always include their cell phones in Schedule B which lists all of their personal property. Here in Rochester, Chapter 7 trustees have been raising this issue during 341 meetings and asking debtors about the cell phones they own. Since some of the phones, such as an iPhone, are valuable, trustees can look at them as one more potential asset in the bankruptcy estate.
If you contemplating filing Chapter 7 Bankruptcy or Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, or are dealing with debt problems in Western New York, including Rochester, Canandaigua, Brighton, Pittsford, Penfield, Perinton, Fairport, Webster, Victor, Farmington, Greece, Gates, Hilton, Parma, Brockport, Spencerport, LeRoy, Chili, Churchville, Monroe County, Ontario County, Wayne County, Orleans County, Livingston County, and being harassed by bill collectors, and would like to know more about how bankruptcy may be able to help you, contact me today by phone or email to schedule a FREE initial consultation with a Rochester, NY, bankruptcy lawyer.